Category Archives: A. Crozy

The craze of 1889


Garden and forest. / Volume 2, Issue 93. [December 4, 1889, 577-588]

Notes
One of the most interesting and valuable results of recent French horticultural effort is found in the new race of dwarf Cannas, with large and brilliantly colored flowers, produced by M. Crozy, of Lyons. A large bed of these plants in the the Trocadero, in Paris, was surrounded all summer by crowds of people. Too much has not been said of the beauty of these plants and of their value for decorative purposes, whether planted in the open ground or grown in pots or tubs. The colors of the flowers of some of the varieties are surprisingly brilliant.


There seems no good reason, however, calling the plants “dwarf,” except that they begin to flower when they are not more than twenty inches high, for they grow, especially in this country, when generously treated, to a height of six or eight feet. Seventeen of the new varieties exhibited at Paris for the first time, which, on the whole, are no better than those sent out by M. Crozy during the past two years, are described in a recent issue of the Revue Horticole. No one who has not seen a collection of M. Crozy’s Cannas in good condition, can form the faintest idea even of the beauty and the brilliancy of the flowers of the plants.

Canna ‘Safrano’


A medium sized Crozy Group cultivar; green foliage, branching habit; panicles of flowers are open, self-coloured saffron-yellow, staminodes are medium size, edges irregular, fully self-cleaning; fertile both ways, not self-pollinating or true to type, capsules globose; rhizomes are thick, up to 3 cm in diameter, coloured white; tillering is prolific.
Introduced by A. Crozy, Lyon, France in 1890.

This plant is so resilient and is tough as old nails. This would always be in my collection, in spite of its age! It’s flowering period is impressive, and it just keeps going and going. Just get one is my advice!

Canna ‘Purpurea Floribunda’


A tall Foliage Group cultivar; purple foliage, large, oval shaped, spreading habit; round stems, coloured purple; spikes of flowers are erect, self-coloured redcurrant, staminodes are long and narrow, edges regular, petals red, fully self-cleaning; fertile both ways, not true to type, self-pollinating; rhizomes are thick, up to 7 cm in diameter, coloured purple; tillering is prolific.

Synonyms: C. indica ‘Purpurea’, C. ‘Purpurea’
Introduced by A. Crozy, Lyon, France in 1887. The earliest recorded reference is the Wilhelm Pfitzer Catalogue of 1890.
This hybrid has been the sire/siress of many great foliage plants. If you want to discover the pleasures of creating new Canna foliage plants, then this one is a great starting point.

Canna ‘Nepalensis Grandiflora’


A medium sized Foliage Group cultivar; glaucous green foliage, lanceolate shaped, upright habit; spikes of flowers are erect, orange-yellow with red spots, staminodes are narrow, edges regular; fertile both ways, not known if true to type, not self-pollinating. Introduced by A. Crozy, Lyon, France in 1866. This was the first Canna variety that he introduced, although he had been introducing new rose varieties for a number of years previous.

Subtropical Gardening – Robinson 1868 stated: “Has the same habit and foliage as the type (C. ‘Nepalensis’), but is a dwarfer variety with better-shaped flowers of a sulphur-yellow, sometimes dotted with red.”

Canna ‘Madame Crozy’


A medium sized Crozy Group cultivar; green foliage, large, ovoid shaped, white margin, branching habit; oval stems, coloured green; spikes of flowers are open, scarlet with a narrow gold margin, throat gold with vermilion spots, staminodes are medium size, edges regular, petals red, fully self-cleaning, outstanding bloomer; fertile both ways, not true to type, self-pollinating; rhizomes are thick, up to 3 cm in diameter, coloured purple; tillering is prolific.
Introduced by A. Crozy, Lyon, France in 1889. Synonyms: C. ‘Mrs Cozy’, C. ‘Mrs Croky’

This is the cultivar used as the seed parent of the Italian Group, and its historic influence in the Canna world is probably greater than any other.

Canna ‘Madame Paul Cazeneuve’


A medium sized Crozy Group cultivar; bronze foliage, oval shaped, maroon margin, spreading habit; panicles of flowers are open, self-coloured pink, throat pink with yellow stripes, staminodes are large; fertile both ways, not self-pollinating or true to type, capsules globose; rhizomes are thick, up to 3 cm in diameter, coloured pink and purple; tillering is prolific.

Introduced by A. Crozy, Lyon, France in 1902. Synonym: C. ‘Madame Paul Caseneuve’. It was named for the glamorous wife of French-born actor Paul Cazeneuve (born May 11, 1871 in Paris, France) who spent 30 years on French and American stages supporting famous stars while starring in his own productions. Cazeneuve was made a director with the Fox company in 1920, when he took over direction on Buck Jones’ first Western for the company, Square Shooter (1920). The original director, Charles Swickard, had found himself out of a job when William Fox termed the daily rushes “miserable, terrible, and rotten,” but Cazeneueve’s rescue did not further his fortunes with the company and he spent the remainder of his career playing supporting roles.

Canna ‘Le Tigre’



A small Crozy Group cultivar; green foliage, oval shaped, branching habit; round stems, coloured green; flowers are open, yellow with light orange spots, staminodes are medium size, edges regular, petals yellow, fully self-cleaning; fertile both ways, not self-pollinating or true to type, capsules round; rhizomes are thick, up to 3 cm in diameter, coloured white; tillering is average.

Introduced by A. Crozy, Lyon, France in 1884. The earliest reference is Wilhelm Pfitzer Catalogue of 1890. Synonyms are C. ‘Golden Girl’, C. ‘Golden Tiger’.